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Full text of "Aluminium in architecture & decoration."

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THt BRITISH ALUMINIUM 

COMPANY LIMITED 

H€AD OfflC€ 

AD€LAID€ HOUSE KING WILLIAM STREET 

LONDON EC4 ENGLAND 



COPYRIGH 




NO 388 



The British Aluminium Company Ltd. 



HEAD OFFICE : 



ADELAIDE HOUSE, KING WILLIAM STREET, LONDON, E.C.4, ENGLAND 



Telegrams Cryolite-Bilgate, London. Cables : Cryolite, London 'Phone; Mansion House 5561-4 & 8074-5 



GREAT BRITAIN : 

LONDON WAREHOUSE 

25-29, Pancras Road, N.W.I 

Telephone : Terminus 5301-2 

BIRMINGHAM, 4 - Lawley Street 

Telegrams Cryolite, Birmingham 
'Phont Aston Cross 5865-6 

MANCHESTER, 3 

Deansgate House, 274, Deansgate 

'Phone Blackfnars 1574 

LEEDS 3 - - -66, Kirkstall Road 

Telegrams Aluminium. Leeds 'Phone: Leeds 28343 

BRISTOL. I - Rose Street, Temple 

Telegrams Aluminium, Bristol 
'Phone . Bristol 21747 

NEWCASTLE-ON- T I i 

Milburn House 

elegrams Cromil. Newcasrl«?-on-Tyne 
Phc Newcastle 27761 

GLASGOW. C 2 

113, West Regent Street 

Telegrams Alex. Glasgow 'Phone Douglas 3950 

CANADA : 

TORONTO 380-382, Adelaide St. West 

C< te. Toronto 

MONTREAL 950, New Birks Building, 

620. Cathcart Street 



INDIA 

C _CUTTA - 

jroms . Bau> c. Calcutta 

BOMBAY - 



9, Ciive Street 



Bank of Baroda Building, 

Apollo St et 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 



Sole Distributors — 

Arthur Seligman 
R.C.A, Building, 
New York City 



& Co. (Inc.). 
30, Rockefeller 



Plaza, 



AUSTRALIA : 



SYDNEY 



W. G. Watson & Co.. Ltd., 

279, Clarence Street 



MELBOURNE 

398-400, Post Office Place 

Afso at Newcastle. Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, 

Hobart. Launceston 



Ltd.. 



NEW ZEALAND : 

WELLINGTON 

Cory-Wright & Salmon 
I 10, Featherston Strer ' 

And at Auckland 

SOUTH AFRICA 

JOHANNESBURG 

Stratford Engineering Ltd.. 
Commercial Exchange Buildings. 
Main Street 

EAST AFRICA : 

MOMBASA 

The African Mercantile Co. Ltd. 

id at Nairobi, Zanzibar, Kampala and Dar-es- 



Sataam 



CAIRO 



EGYPT : 

-Thos. Cook & Son Ltd. 
Boulac Engineering Work 






And at Alexandria 



AUCTION WORKS Lochaber. Inverness -lire. Scotland; K :hlev< Argyll, 
Scotland; oyers. - verness-shire. Scotland. Stangf r<j and V Norw; 

LUMINA WORKS : Larne Harbour, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland ; Burntisland, 

Scotland. 

ROLLING MILLS: ton. Staffordshire. England ; Warr 1P?t0 n. Lancash England. 



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ALUMINIUM IN ARCHITECTURE 

DECORATION 





HE following pages show a selected number of examples of the uses of aluminium 
and its alloys for architectural and decorative purposes. A superficial study 
indicates the wide variety of purpose, the difference in style and treatment 
possible, and the number of different forms in which these metals are used. 

Aluminium is unique amongst the metals as regards this versatility. It is used as 
castings, sheet, extruded sections, tubes and forgings. Its natural surface can be 
finished by polishing, frosting, or scratch brushing. It can be given a variety of finishes 
by the different anodising processes, which provide a highly protective surface glaze, 
and at the same time have their own decorative value. Coloured finishes, not to be 
compared with lacquered effects obtained on other metals, are provided by dyed 
anodising — a process which gives a brilliant transparent colour without the possibility 
of blistering, flaking or chipping. 

The addition of certain alloying metals to pure aluminium provides alloys which 
are harder and stronger but retain the attractive colour and the high resistance to 
corrosion of the parent metal. On this subject it may be remarked that very many 
aluminium alloys are used in industry, in general, but these are not all suitable for 
architectural purposes. Advice on the choice of alloy for any particular purpose will 
gladly be supplied by the Company. 

The principal forms in which the metais are used can be listed as follows, though 
in the compass of an introduction to a book of illustrations this summary must 
necessarily be very abridged : 

SHEET. 

Except in special circumstances where high strength is necessary, pure aluminium 
l- is used for all sheet metal applications. It is supplied in various tempers ranging from 

hard to soft, and the choice of temper depends on the degree of forming necessary. 
Soft aluminium will withstand an astonishing degree of deformation without showing 
a tendency to split, and the harder forms of aluminium are capable of withstanding a 
more intense degree of shaping than the equivalent tempers in other materials. 






Spinning, pressing and hand beating are all effectively carried out with aluminium sheet. 
The uses of sheet include doors, panelling, lift enclosures, and many other structures 
too extensive for specification in detail. Many of these applications will be recognised 
in the illustration pages which follow. 

Flat panels and simple structural work can often conveniently be carried out in 
aluminium faced plywood, of which there are several makes in the market. 



For the most part the extruded material is of pure aluminium which is soft and 
readily worked. Harder alloys which can be recommended where increased strength 
is necessary are : BA 24, BA 25, D2, and Birmabright. All of these can be anodised 
well and all are readily weldable. 

The principal uses for extruded sections are : 



(2) SHOW CASES. 

This is a similar application to windows, though the conditions of service are not 
so severe and pure aluminium can often be used in place of the alloy more usual with 
windows. Metal covered wooden sections which are readily obtainable in aluminium 
are also largely used for this kind of work. 



(3) HAND RAILS AND BALUSTRADES. 

The white but soft colour of aluminium is attractive for this kind of work, as also 
is the facility of the metal for shaping. For this latter reason pure aluminium is 
principally chosen, since the necessary rigidity may be provided by an iron backing 
hidden in a recess in the aluminium section. However, such alloys as Birmabright 
are also quite commonly used for these purposes. 



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EXTRUDED SECTIONS. 

The facility with which aluminium and its alloys can be extruded is one of its principal 
features, and it is possible to obtain long straight lengths of almost any section with 
great facility. The Company has nearly 4,000 extrusion dies so that there is a wide 
choice of standard section sufficient for most requirements. Special shapes can be 
produced at quite small cost. 



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(I) WINDOWS. 

Here the lightness of the metal is a decided advantage, the cost is greater than for c 

steel windows, but should be less than for bronze. Anodising is usual as a finish, ^ 

especially for outside windows. 



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(4) GRILLE WORK. 

Flat, round or square bars of pure aluminium provide an excellent medium for 
hand formed grilles. Often such work can be formed cold, but heating to 300° C./ 
400° C. will not harm the metal and makes bending still easier. Riveting or welding 
are both used for assembling. 

(5) ROOF GLAZING BARS. 

The lightness of aluminium, coupled with its high resistance to corrosion, makes 
it very satisfactory for this particular purpose, and with a suitably designed section 
the cost is competitive with that of lead covered steel glazing bars. Aluminium has 
particular advantages where special corrosive conditions occur, as, for example, in 
breweries. 



(6) WINDOW SILLS, counter edgings, stair nosing, decorative strip work and 
miscellaneous constructional frame work, as in lift cages, are all commonly made of 
aluminium or aluminium alloy extruded sections. 

CASTINGS. 

Aluminium castings are used as decorative plaques, grille work, hand-rail supports, 
light fittings, seat pedestals and a host of similar details. Pure aluminium does not cast 



so easily as aluminium alloys, and the latter are almost always employed. Some care 
must be taken in the choice when anodising is required, for only a few of the casting 
alloys will take a satisfactory finish. Alloys recommended are Birmabright, BA 23 and 
AERAL. The silicon alloys (BA/40.J and BA 40. D) are excellent for casting, but 
anodise with a dark colour. 

TUBING. 

Pure aluminium tubing or tubes of medium strength alloy such as BA 60. A are 
used for hand-rails and decorative features. Coloured anodised tubing is particularly 
attractive and is employed in door furniture and railings. 



The working of the metal and its alloys in these different forms is familiar to 
the chief craftsmen in the industry. There is no difficulty in obtaining such 
accessories as bolts, screws and rivets in aluminium, so that the architect and designer 
are not limited in scope by difficulties in obtaining supplies of any kind. 

The technical staff of the British Aluminium Company Ltd. are always ready to 
advise on any matters relating to the properties and uses of the metal. 











* . t a Gerrard e Stre " Post 0fflce "« Telephone Exchange Gerrard Street, London. 

pa UeTse 1 h ^'° yed f ° r WmdOW framin «- doors ' ornamental panels, fanlight gnlles. 

spand (between second and • ~d floors), show-cases, telephone boxes, letter boxes and ent*anc! s,gn. 

Tr wor- throughout is anod.sed. stiver finish. 



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Gerrard Telephone 
Exchange. 

Folding doors and win- 
dow frames in anodised 
aluminium. 




Gerrard Telephone 

Exchange and 

Post Office. 

Post box surround, 
doors and window 
frame in anodised alu- 
minium. 




Gerrard Telephone 
Exchange. 

Grille and sign in anodised 
aluminium over main en- 
trance. 



Gerrard Telephone 
Exchange. 

Gr.lie in anodtsed alurr - 
nium overanother entrance 

door. 



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Gerrard Telephone 
Exchange. 

Window frames and fanlight 
frames in anodised aluminium. 




Gerrard Telephone 
Exchange. 

Hopper vent windows with ano 
dised aluminium frames. 




Arlington He :e. St. James s London. 

R ° Senaut = :i C - - Ud.. Crtimore Art M« V****,, G»r«« 

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Shop doors 



Brc 

* low frames have ancoised a jro 

sc 'H g c< roof gard< cor 

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Main 



entrance 



Arlington House. 

canopy, entrance doors, shop fronts and other metalwork in 

aluminium, silver anodic finish. 





Arlington House. 
Side door of main entrance, door frames and grilles in aluminium, stiver anodic finish 




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Simpson (Piccadilly) Ltd. 

Balustrading with outer rail and framing of anodised aluminium. The inner scair rail has aluminium 
brackets. The central pillar, and the lighting fittings which it carries, are also of aluminium. 



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:mg. lift c lo 



cac Ltd Lcr 



Si Co.. Ud 

ar: rretalwork m alunr silver anc sed finish. 



Morton & C ik 





















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Simpson (Piccadilly) Ltd. Boot and Shoe Dept. 
Service fittings have handles of aluminium, silver anodic finish. 



Simpson (Piccadilly), Ltd. Snack Bar. 
Screen framing and other metalwork in aluminium, silver anodic finish. 




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The 



E . nburgh Royal lr mary. 
bull. Esq FJ.A.A M.I . E Atuiworl Q 

L closure and balustrade c Jurr, - urn. 



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Johannesburg General Post Office. 

Arc .as Ptibltc Works Deoarcr- c. Pretoria. Contractors F Sage & Co. (S.A.i Led. 

Doors, screens, grilles, hand railing and other metalwork in this building .s of M Birmab right " aluminium 
^lloy with a fine scratch brush finish. The illustration shows the main entrance vestibule, looking west, with large 

clock window on left in second arch, and doors to private boxes. In the distance are doors and 'screens to 

main concourse, all in »' Birmabnght ' ' (Birmabright, Ltd.) 




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Johannesburg General Post Office. 

Public writing tables, east concourse. " Birmabright " aluminium alloy used for upper screens, divisions 

lighting panels and slots for forms. 







Se e c 



ann« urg General Post Office. 
Roor. S ng.rt ed pflai rand bade fixture 

i r r num alk • 



Birmabng 




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East concourse 



Johannesburg General Post Office. 

Metalwork in 4l Birmabright M aluminium alloy includes doors to telephone booths, main 
entrance screen from main vestibule, and hands of electric clock. 










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Johannesburg General Post Office. 
West concourse, part view, Windows and grilles in 4l Birmabright M aluminium alloy 





R.M.S. " Queen Mary. 






Tourist cocktail bar, 
showing inlaid alumi- 
nium strip ornamenta- 
tion. 



R.M.S. " Queen Mary. 

Transport and Airways 

Office. 

Two panels, designed by 
Maurice Lambert, Esq 
cast in Aeral alu 
minium alloy by Wil- 
liam Mills Ltd., anodised 
by Alumilite Ltd. 



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R.M.S. " Queen Mary." 

Owners : Cunard White-Scar Led. BuiWer, : John Brown 4 Co, Ltd. Architects : Mewes and Davis, A.R.A.. FF.R.I.B.A., and Beniamin 

vv. norns, esq., r.l.A.A. 

Observation lounge and cocktail bar on promenade deck. Balustrade in " Birmabright '* aluminium alloy bv 
the designers. Messrs. R. Pryse Roberts and Austin Cromoton Roberts at tho «r„Hi«« rt f p~ 7 Y 



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Lift 



Bank Misr, Cairo. 

Architect . M. Antonio Bey Lasciac. Metalworker : Ercole Ferruzzi. 

doors and balustrade in " Duralumin " and " Birmabright ' 







Newcastle 
Co-Operative 

Society. 

Lift doors cast in alu- 
minium alloy by William 
Mills Ltd. 



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Lift cage grille, lift door 

and handrail in aluminium 

alloy at the Magasin V. 

D'Elia and Figli. 



Metalworkers : Berte & Gaeca. 



Door of aluminium alloy ac 
the immeuble of Mr, C 

Buzzino. 



Acknowledge Berte & Gaeta 




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Boots the Z ernsti 

Central Offees 

Star rd Street, 

London. 

Ar He Ta* ;-r, 

FF R 

Cr ' Hollowly B" 

• condor LU 

-Co 

C -ȣ Co. Ltc and 

Erte H AMham 

F 

Door and screen fra^- 
g of alur - ~ silvt 

anodic h Alu- 

rr jsed 

» on s sm wa 



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United India Life Assurance Co. Ltd. 

Architects : Ballardle, Thompson & Mmhews. 

Incerior of building showing the counter made up of aluminium bars and aluminium sheet 


























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Havana Cinema, Romford. 

Architects : Leslie H. Kemp and Tasker, F.I.A.A., F.R.I. B.A. Metalwork : Carton & Thome, Led. 

Main staircase, with balustrade, hand railings and side rails of aluminium, silver anodic finish 

and auditorium grilles in this cinema are also of anodised aluminium. 



Door grilles 



Girls' Hostel, St. Ann's Hilt, 

Nottingham. 

Architects : Bromley. Cartwrighc and 
Waumsley. Metolwork : The Dryad 

Mecal Works. 



Staircase balustrade with handrai 
of polished " Birmabright M alu- 
minium alloy. 



Prince of Wales Theatre, 



Architect: David A. Lumsden, Esq., 

A.R.I B. A. 




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Imperial Typewriter 
Co., Ltd., 
Leicester. 

Me to /work : 
The Dryad Mecal Works. 



Balustrade 



Birma 



aluminium alloy 



Marks & Spencer Ltd., 

Dundee. 





Encrance 



De La Warr Pavilion. Bexhill-on-Sea. 

4r. tects: Mendelsohn & Chermayeff. MetoWorA J. Star kle Gardner Ltd. 

halt with balustrade hand railing of polished " Birmabr.ght " aluminium al 



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The 



Lyons' Corner House, Coventry Street. 

Architect-Designer : Oliver P. Bernard, Esq., L.R.I. B. A. Aluminium Metalwork Contractors ; Evenlite Limited. 

Anodising : Alumilite Limited Fabrication: Blum & Wray Limited, 

Brasserie in which an Oriental effect has been achieved by the use of brilliantly coloured anodised 

aluminium tiles. 




raramount Cinema. Milk Bar. 

Architects : Frank Verity and S. Beverley. FF.R.I.B.A. Contractors : Fredk. Sage & Co., Ltd. 

Shop front in anodised aluminium, silver finish, with green anodised fascia letters and illuminated columns. 



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Threshers Ltd.. 5, Conduit Street. London. 

:t ; Gerald Lacoste Esq. A 3 A. ContracUn Fredk. Sage & Co Ltd 

Shop fror: with pink anodic a'ummium sashes and entrance door. The Fascia letters 

rr rror aluminium fluted frieze. 



are mounted on a 



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The Robert Simpson Department Store, Toronto. 

Contractors : J. & E. Hall Led. Metalworkers : J. Starkie Gardner Ltd 

Escalators with aluminium casing. 



The British 
Aluminium Co.. 



Stand at Ideal 
HomeExhibition, 

Office facing of 
anodised alumi- 
nium " Plymax 
with mouldings 
of polished alu- 
minium. Columns 
of aluminium 

tube, anodised in 
colours. Fascia in 
aluminium 
notched bars. 




Courtaulds Ltd. 

Stand at British 

Industries Fair, 

White City, London 



Cc jctors : Furdecor Ltd 



Aluminium strip upon 
faces of twelve vertical 
projections. Aluminium 
tubes for columns. 



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Palace Court, Bournemouth. 

Architects A. J. Seal & Partners. Contractors : Y. J. Lovetl & Sons. 

Doors and column sheathed in anodised aluminium 4 *Plymax" (Venesta Ltd.) ("Architect & Building 

News" photograph). 






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Parsonage Colliery Canteen, Leigh. Lanes. 

Miners' Welfare Committee's Architects j. H. Forshaw and C. G Kemp. 

Plymax " used for tables, counter top and front, for reveals and soffit of counter opening, 

and for dado and fascia JVenesra I rri \ 







Broadcast House, Johannesburg. 

Designer : M. Rene Shapshack. Architects : Cook & Cowan. Metalworkers 

Air Conditioning grille in aluminium alloy, fret cut by hand 



F. Sage & Co. (S.A.) Led 

with applied motifs 





M Rene Snapshr 

A« Conditioning g^ 



Broadcast House, Johannesburg. 

Architects Cook & Co war Meto /workers 

in aluminium alloy, fret cut by hand 



Sage & Co S A , l 

with applied morfs. 



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SOME EARLIER INSTALLATIONS OF ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS 

(not included in this publication) 



Birmingham Municipal Bank. 

Safe Door Facings. 

John Bolding & Sons, Ltd, 

Balustrade. 

Bournemouth " Daily Echo M Building 

Screens and Grilles. 



Lowndes Street Flats, London 

Marquise Bearer Casing. 



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Mauretania " R.M.S. 

Lift-shaft Enclosure and Purser's Office Grilles. 



Midland Hotel, Morecambe 

Balustrade. 



Building Centre, London. 



Doors. 



Sir John Cass Institute, London 



Grilles 



Colosseum Theatre, Johannesburg. 



Handrails. 



Commonwealth Bank Building, Sydney. 



Lift Doors. 



Consumers Gas Co. Building, Toronto. 

Spandrels, etc. 



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Daily Express M Building 

Pilaster and Beam Casing, 
Glass Facing Strips. 



Balustrades and 



Finella, Cambridge. 

Plymax Panelling. 

Friends' Provident Building, Bristol. 

Window Frames and Grilles. 



Frinton-on-Sea & Dist. E.L. & P. Co. 

Plymax Panelling. 



Ilford Town Ha 



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Column Caps and Bases 

Hay's Wharf. 

Balustrade. 



Mount Royal Flats. 

Balustrade, Grilles, etc. 

Redmaynes Ltd. & Jean Palma. 

Panels and Mouldings. 

South African Permanent Mutual Society 

(Johannesburg). 

Grilles, Doors, Balustrades, etc. 

Statesman Building, Calcutta. 

Lift Cages. 

Taj Mahal Hotel, Bombay. 

Doors Windows, Bandstand and Lift Entrance. 

Theatre Chambers, Bournemouth. 

Sign. 

Toronto Hydro-Electric System Building. 

Gallery Railing, Grilles, etc. 

Unilever House. 

Lift Doors and Panelling. 

St. Christopher. 

Statuary. 

The Runner. 

Statuary. 

St. George and the Dragon. 

Statuary. 











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